Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2017, Page: 47-53
Morphological and Phenotypic Effects of Fast Neutron Irradiation (FNI) on Lagos Spinach (Celosia argentea L.)
Abubakar Abdulhakeem, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Falusi Ahmed Olamide, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Daudu Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Received: Aug. 15, 2017;       Accepted: Sep. 9, 2017;       Published: Oct. 10, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.rst.20170305.12      View  1347      Downloads  53
Fast neutrons irradiation is a valuable tool for developing varieties with high agricultural potentials and economic values. Therefore, the research was carried to evaluate effects of fast neutron irradiation on the morphology and phenotype of Lagos spinach, with the aim of inducing useful agronomical traits for selection of desirable genotypes that could be used for large scale production. The Celosia argentia (Red accession) that were used for the experiment were obtained from local far
Celosia argentea, Fast Neutron, Leaf Aberration, Morphology, Phenotypic
To cite this article
Abubakar Abdulhakeem, Falusi Ahmed Olamide, Daudu Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf, Morphological and Phenotypic Effects of Fast Neutron Irradiation (FNI) on Lagos Spinach (Celosia argentea L.), Radiation Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2017, pp. 47-53. doi: 10.11648/j.rst.20170305.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Masarirambi MT, Sibandze N, Wahome PK, Oseni TO. Effects of kraal manure application rates on growth and yield of wild okra (Corchorus olitorius L.) in a sub-tropical environment. Asian Journal of Agricultural Science 2012; 4(1): 89−95.
Remison SU. Basic principles of crop physiology. Benin City, Nigeria, Sadoh Press. 1997; Pp. 163.
Kolawole EL, Peter AE. Growth and herbage yield of Celosia argentea as influenced by plant density and NPK fertilization in degraded ultisol. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 2011; 14(1): 251-260.
Akinyemi SOS, Tijani-Eniola H. Effects of cassava density on productivity of productivity of plantain and cassava intercropping system. Fruits 1997; 50, 17-23.
Grubben GJH. ‎Botany. Vegetables, Google Books Result 2004: Available at www.books.google.com.ng/books?isbn=9057821478.Retrieved on 12th January, 2014.
Bolbhat SN, Bhoge VD, Dhumal KN. Effect of Mutagens on Seed Germination, Plant Survival and Quantitative Characters of Horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc). International Journal of Life Science Botany and Pharma Research 2012; 2(4): 129 - 136.
Zhang W, Endo S, Ishikawa M, Ikeda H, Hoshi M. Relative biological effectiveness of fission neutrons for producing micronuclei in the root-tip cells of onion seedlings after irradiation as dry seeds. Journal of Radiation Research (Tokyo) 2002; 43(4): 397-403.
Wang JS, Sui JM, Xie YD, Guo HJ, Qiao LX, Zhao LL, Yu SL, Liu LX. Generation of peanut mutants by fast neutron irradiation combined with in vitro culture. Journal of Radiation Research 2015; 56(3): 437–445.
Daudu OA, Falusi OA. Induced Genetic variability for morphological and Yield parameters in Capsicum annum and Capsicum frutescns. West Management and Bioresource Technology 2011; (1): 31-37.
Falusi OA, Daudu OA, Teixeira da SJA. Effects of fast neutron irradiation on agronomic traits of Nigerian cpepper (Capsicum annuum L.). European Journal Horticultural Science 2012; 77(1): 41-45.
Falusi OA, Abejide DR, Muhammad LM, Jaime ATS. Effect of Fast Neutron Irradiation (FNI) on pollen germinability of three Nigerian sesame varieties. International Journal of Biotechnology Research 2013; 1(6): 87-90.
Muhammad LM, Falusi OA, Daudu OAY, Gado AA, Lateef AA, Yahaya SA. Radiation induced polygenic mutation in two common Nigerian sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) cultivars. International Journal of Biotechnology and Food Science 2013; 1(2): 23-28.
Songsri P, Suriharn B, Sanitchon J, Srisawangwong S, Kesmala T. Effects of gamma radiation on germination and growth characteristics of Physic Nut (Jatropha curcas L.). Journal of Biological Sciences 2011; 11: 268-274
Adamu AK, Aliyu H. Morphogical effects of sodium azide on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Science World Journal 2007; 2(4): 9-12.
Premjyoti CP. Studies on Induced Mutagenesis in Niger (Guizotia abysssinica Cass.). M. Sc. thesis submitted to the University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad 2006.
Mahamune SE, Kothekar VS. Induced mutagenic frequency and spectrum of chlorophyl mutants in French bean. International Multidisciplinary Research 2012; 2(3): 30-32.
Domingo C, Andrés F, Talón M. Rice cv. Bahia mutagenized population: a new resourcefor rice breeding in the Mediterranean basin. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 2007; 5(3): 341-347.
Kumar G, Yadav RS. EMS induced genomic disorders in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Romanian Journal of Biology Plant Biology, Bucharest 2010; 55(2): 97–104.
Kiong ALP, Lai AG, Hussein S, Harun AR. Physiological Responses of Orthosiphon Stamineus Plantles to Gamma Irradiation. American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 2008; 2(2): 135-149.
Moussa, HR. Role of gamma irradiation in regulation of NO3 level in rocket (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) plants. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 2006; 53(2): 193–197.
Hasbullah NA, Taha RM, Saleh A, Mahmad N. Irradiation effect on in vitro organogenesis, callus growth and plantlet development of Gerbera jamesonii. Horticultura Brasileira 2012; 30: 252-257.
El-Mokadem H, Mostafa E, Gehan G. Induction of mutations in Browallia speciosa using sodium azide and identification of the genetic variation by peroxidase isozyme. African Journal of Biotechnology 2014; 13(1), 106-111.
Rajib R, Jagatpati T. Chemical mutagenic action on seed germination and related agro-metrical traits in M1 Dianthus generation. Current Botany 2011; 2(8): 19-23.
Nura S, Adamu AK, Mu’Azu S, Dangora DB. Chemical mutagenesis for improved quality traits in Jute (Corchorus olitorious L.). Continental Journal Biological Sciences 2011; 4(2): 22–27.
Maluszynski M, Szarejko I, Barriga P, Balcerzyk A. Heterosis in crop mutant crosses and production of high yielding lines, using doubled haploid systems. Euphytica 2001; 120: 387-398.
Ainsworth EA, Rogers A, Nelson R, Long SP. Testing the source-sink hypothesis of down-regulation of photosynthesis in elevated (CO2) in the field with gene substitutions in Glycine max. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 2004; 122: 85–94.
El-Degwy IS, Hathout MS. Influence of gamma rays on the performance and genetic parameters for grain yield and yield attributes of bread wheat. Egyptian Journal Agronomy 2014; 36(1): 41-55.
Ittah MA, Binang WB, Shiyam JO, Idu PO. Genetic and correlation analyses of the variation in yield traits in x - ray irradiated groundnut mutants. Scirea Journal of Agriculture 2016; 1(1): 66-78.
Jagadeesan S, Kandasamy G, Manivannan N, Muralidharan V. Mean and Variability Studies in M1 and M2 Generations of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Helia 2008; 31(49): 71-78.
Kadhim M, Salomaa S, Wright E, Hildebrandt G, Belyakov OV, Prise KM, Little MP. Non-targeted effects of ionizing radiation–implications for lowdose risk. Mutation Research 2013; 752(1): 84–98.
Browse journals by subject