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The Effect of X-irradiation on the Shelf Life and Proximate Composition of Some Varieties of Tomatoes Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria

Tomato production is a source of income to most rural producers in developing countries like Nigeria. Despite the numerous benefits from this crop, challenges of postharvest losses occasioned by lack of preservation techniques and storage facilities are making its production unprofitable in most developing countries in Africa. This research investigated the effect of X-Irradiation on the shelf life and proximate composition of some varieties of tomatoes commonly grown in Benue State. Five samples each of fully ripe Plum (Lycopersicon esculentum L.-Oval-shaped tomato of Italian origin), Juliet (Lycopersicon esculentum L.-1999 All American Selection Winner), Better Boy (Lycopersicon esculentum L. of USA origin), Giulietta F1 (Lycopersicon esculentum L. – a hybrid from France) and Cherry (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) tomatoes were collected from an experimental farm in Wannune, kilometer 54, Makurdi-Gboko road and exposed to X-irradiation doses of 0.10 mGy, 0.30 mGy, 0.61 mGy, 1.06 mGy and 1.67 mGy using the X-ray machine (Model: 1.2UG13GN) located at Musafaha Imaging Centre Makurdi, Benue State. Results of the investigation revealed that 0.30 mGy and 0.61 mGy are adequate for extension of shelf life of Plum tomatoes by 7 days; 0.30 mGy was effective in extension of shelf life of Juliet and Better Boy tomatoes by 5 and 6 days respectively while 0.61 mGy also proved adequate for extension of shelf life of Giulietta F1 and Cherry tomatoes by 6 and 7 days respectively. Proximate analysis of X-irradiated tomatoes showed no significant changes in the ash, moisture, fat, fibre and carbohydrate contents of all varieties of tomatoes considered (P˃0.05) except the protein contents of Juliet, Better Boy and Giulietta F1 that were significantly affected (P˂0.05). X-irradiation doses in the range of 0.30 mGy – 0.61 mGy are effective for extension of shelf life of tomatoes commonly grown in Benue State.

Tomato, X-irradiation, Effective Dose, Shelf Life, Proximate Composition

APA Style

Terver Sombo, Barnabas Tachia Hanmeza, Alexander Aondongu Tyovenda. (2023). The Effect of X-irradiation on the Shelf Life and Proximate Composition of Some Varieties of Tomatoes Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria. Radiation Science and Technology, 9(2), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rst.20230902.11

ACS Style

Terver Sombo; Barnabas Tachia Hanmeza; Alexander Aondongu Tyovenda. The Effect of X-irradiation on the Shelf Life and Proximate Composition of Some Varieties of Tomatoes Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria. Radiat. Sci. Technol. 2023, 9(2), 13-21. doi: 10.11648/j.rst.20230902.11

AMA Style

Terver Sombo, Barnabas Tachia Hanmeza, Alexander Aondongu Tyovenda. The Effect of X-irradiation on the Shelf Life and Proximate Composition of Some Varieties of Tomatoes Commonly Grown in Benue State, Nigeria. Radiat Sci Technol. 2023;9(2):13-21. doi: 10.11648/j.rst.20230902.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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